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These are the nastiest cyber threats this Halloween

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To avoid falling victim to a malware infection, users first need to be aware of which malware strains are actively being used by cybercriminals in their attacks which is why Webroot releases a list of the nastiest malware each year.

In its third annual nastiest malware list, the cybersecurity firm examined this year's biggest cyber threats and ranked them based on their severity. 

According to Webroot, phishing and remote desktop protocol-related breaches remain the top methods its has observed cybercriminals using to launch their attacks. However, new malware strains and tactics are being deployed each day while others have received upgrades that made them more powerful.

This year the main trend the firm observed is modularity as cybercriminals have adopted a more modular malware methodology in which they combine attack methods and mix-and-match tactics to ensure their attacks reach their intended targets.

Nastiest malware of 2020

Emotet has once again taken the top spot on Webroot's list of the nastiest malware for the third year in a row. The malware is deployed by cybercriminals in a botnet that is used to spread ransomware and it often appears alongside TrickBot, Dridex, QakBot, Ryuk, BitPaymer and REvil.

Next up on the list is the Gozi trojan, IcedID trojan and Maze ransomware which are often deployed together. In a potential attack scenario, Gozi could end up on a machine through a malicious email, botnet or even TrickBot and then drop the IcedID trojan to help improve an attacker's chances of obtaining the credentials or information they want.

Just like TrickBot, Dridex is another popular banking/info-stealing Trojan that made Webroots's list this year. It has been around for years and is dropped via Emotet or through malicious spam campaigns. Also in a similar manner to TrickBot, Dridex spreads laterally and typically deploys ransomware such as BitPaymer/DoppelPaymer.

While these malware strains were the nastiest this year, they aren't the only ones to make the list. Other notable contenders for the nastiest malware of 2020 including the REvil and Dharma ransomware, the multi-functional malware distribution tool Valak and the info-stealing trojan QakBot.

To prevent falling victim to malware, Webroot recommends organizations lock down RDP, educate their employees about phishing, install a reputable security suite, develop a disaster recovery plan and backup up their important data.


31 Oct 2020



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    Surfshark has announced it is adding new Nexus software defined network (SDN) technology to its consumer-faced VPN product.

    SDN is prevalent in enterprises and businesses where its flexibility and versatility have made it the defacto choice for network infrastructure.

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    Below is the rest of our interview with Budvytis:

    1. What exactly are you announcing today? Can you explain what it is in a couple of sentences? Does it replace/complement any technologies that you offer?

    Surfshark launches a consumer VPN innovation Surfshark Nexus based on SDN (Software-Defined Networking) technology. A solution that’s unique in a consumer VPN industry connects users to not only one server but an entire network of servers and then routes them to a chosen location. 

    Surfshark Nexus will help to optimize user traffic to be faster, more stable, increasingly secure, and private. Moreover, connecting all of the company’s servers into a single Nexus network will allow Surfshark to roll out new features such as IP Rotator, IP Randomizer, and Dynamic MultiHop.

    2. How is this technology superior to what’s existing right now?

    In the case of traditional consumer VPN services where users connect to a specific server within a pool of servers, they don’t use the network but rather create a tunnel to one server of all their servers. If they want to change their IP, they must disconnect from that server to connect to another one. In the case of Nexus, the users connect to the entire network of servers and can use many different servers without disconnecting from the network. 

    Surfshark Nexus network solves the problems of traditional consumer VPN services. Firstly, it improves one’s privacy and security by continuously changing user IP addresses and connecting to different servers without disconnecting the user from Surfshark VPN. Secondly, it enables easier network maintenance as the users will no longer lose their connectivity due to server upgrades. Finally, Nexus opens up opportunities to develop new features such as an IP randomizer that can provide the user with multiple IP addresses to use simultaneously.

    3. Will you share this technology with NordVPN and AtlasVPN?

    First of all, some parts of the solution are in the process of getting patented. As everyone, NordVPN and AtlasVPN are free to implement the solution on their infrastructures. Patents do not prevent anyone from using a solution but having them provides us with legal ground to protect our intellectual rights upon our choice. It takes time to prepare one's infrastructure for the SDN usage. For us, the development took over a year, so it's unlikely that anyone else will deploy it on their networks soon. 

    4. Why are you introducing it to the wider public? Are there any stumbling blocks that would prevent your competitors from rolling this out?

    We are announcing this as it's a true innovation in a market where such things rarely happen. Also, we want to make sure our current and potential customers know that Surfshark offers a truly unique VPN service, and that we actually offer a real VPN service. Some parts of the solution are in the process of getting legal protection.

    5. Does SDN allow you to roll out any new features, if yes what could they be?

    Today, Surfshark Nexus comes with an IP Rotator feature that automatically changes the user’s exit IP address in a chosen city location every 5 to 10 minutes without disconnecting the user from the VPN. IP Rotator solves privacy concerns of having the same IP address when connected to a VPN for a long time. The feature will rotate IP addresses in a specific location, country, region, or even globally, depending on the user’s preference.

    Then, an IP Randomizer feature that is planned to be launched later will allow the users to use many different IP addresses at the same time while connecting to the internet. For example, different IP addresses for different websites. 

    Finally, a dynamic MultiHop that will be launched in the future will allow the users to choose their own VPN entry and exit locations in any way they like. For instance, enter the Nexus network via a chosen location A and exit via location B. 

    All of the planned features will roll out gradually throughout 2022 and 2023.

    6. Do you plan to use SDN to move into the business market at some point?

    Currently, we have no plans to move to the B2B market and will continue focusing on creating the best VPN service in the B2C space.

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